5 Healthy, Delicious and Low-Calorie Weight Loss Recipes

These recipes for healthy living need not to be bland and expensive; here is a list that can help you create the healthy foodie in you.

1. Light Entrees

Let’s begin with low-calorie entrees. One popular healthy recipe for weight loss that is both tasty and below 300 calories is, Grilled Chicken Pineapple salad. This healthy food recipe is a combination of all the nutrients you will need but on a minimal calorie intake. Use skinless chicken breast, get some spinach leaves, pineapple bits, and plate with bell peppers. Dress it with orange juice to give that sweet-spicy twist. You can also add onions for an extra surge of spice.

2. Low-Calorie Breakfast

Breakfast might be the king of all meals for the day, but it doesn’t really have to be loaded with so much calories. A lot of recipes for healthy living are interestingly delicious; one that you should try is Poached Eggs with Tomatoes and Mushrooms. To set the egg white, you can pour a little vinegar to make the perfect poach. Sauté the mushrooms and tomatoes separately and do not forget to season with pepper and salt. This healthy recipe for weight loss is tastier when you sprinkle a tablespoon of freshly-chopped chives.

3. Healthy Food Lunch Recipe

It sure is hard to control your hunger pains and food urges during lunch time. However, you should not be disheartened because there are a lot of yummy healthy recipes for weight loss that you can cook for lunch! A usual favorite for the health-conscious women is the Taco and Rice Salad. You can do this easy recipe by first cooking beef along with garlic until brown. Stir in long-grain rice, add seasoning, and top with cheese. Eat with tacos on the side and enjoy!

4. Guilt-free treats

Who says you can’t divulge on sweets while having a healthy recipe for weight loss? Hang in there because there is hope for those who have a sweet tooth. One recipe for healthy living that you can count on as dessert is the low-calorie Choco Fudge Brownie. How to make it? Create a mixture of cocoa, salt, and flour whisked into a batter. Microwave the dark chocolate and butter at high mode for 1 minute, stir and let it cool. Add a cup of sugar, 1 teaspoon vanilla, low-fat milk, egg, and combine by whisking. Pour the batter into pan and bake for 20 minutes.

5. Go light during dinner

If you are a vegetable lover, then you will love this healthy recipe for weight loss that you can eat for dinner. The Coconut and Tofu in Curry Sauce is the next big thing on your dining table. This healthy food recipe has very simple ingredients, you will only need the following: coconut milk, curry powder, cubed tofu, tomatoes, mushrooms, and seasoning. In a large pot, combine coconut milk, curry powder, add soy sauce, ginger, and brown sugar. Bring to boil and stir in the tofu, mushrooms, tomatoes, and onions. Cook for 6 minutes until the vegetables are crisp.

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The Many Benefits of Attending Yale University

Yale University is one of the most famous schools in the United States, with a long history of service and an alumni list that reads like a “Who’s Who” of successful people.

Yale University is the fulfillment of a European vision of intellectual freedom that is aimed at the service of the community and country. It has championed over history and survived the most destructive calamities such as the American Revolution. Since then, the university has continually grown and progressed to a center for high quality education that is recognized by the global community.

The university is considered one of the oldest institution of higher education in the US. It was founded in 1701 and is a proud member of the prestigious Ivy League.

Degree and Non-degree programs

Yale University is a gateway for higher education. Students may opt to concentrate in any of the following fields:

1. Architecture

2. Art

3. Biomedical Science

4. British Studies

5. Comparative Literature

6. Computer Science and Psychology

7. Dermatology

8. Drama

9. European Studies

10. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

11. Immunobiology

12. Latin American and Iberian Studies

A list of other major and minor courses from A-Z is found at the Yale .edu website.


Direct admission is applied at Yale University wherein the interested applicant applies directly at the college or school he or she wishes to obtain a degree in. Undergraduates fall under the jurisdiction of Yale College while graduate students must secure application forms either from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences or one of the various professional schools listed below:

· School of Art

· School of architecture

· School of drama

· Faculty of Engineering

· Divinity School

· School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

· School of Public Health

· School of Medicine

· School of Management

· School of Nursing

· School of Music

· Law School

· Institute of Sacred Music

If you can gain admission to Yale University you will be among some of the top scholars in the nation.

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Interview With Bob Gebelein, Author of The Mental Environment

Bob Gebelein graduated from Harvard in 1956 with a BA in Mathematics. In 1955, he saw the threat of nuclear annihilation as proof of total systems failure, so he turned his back on the culture and set out to design a new civilization. Through psychotherapy, withdrawal from the culture, and dream analysis, he succeeded. In 1967, he discovered how “human nature” itself can be changed to create a new civilization. In 1985, he self-published “Re-Educating Myself: An Introduction to a New Civilization,” describing his search and the answers that he found.

He has earned a living by working about 20 years as a computer programmer and creator of software systems. His chosen home is Provincetown, Massachusetts, but he always has to go somewhere else for computer jobs. After retiring from programming in 1999, he spent eight years writing this book in a pristine country setting near Moose Mountain in a corner of Hanover, New Hampshire.

Tyler: Welcome, Bob. I’m excited to talk with you today. To begin, you use the term “mind pollution” in your book. Is that what the book is about-what pollutes our minds? What do you define as mind pollution?

Bob: Well, actually, the book is about the mental environment. People sort of glaze over when I say that, because “the mental environment” isn’t a familiar expression. This is the first book on the subject. I thought about calling the book “Mind Pollution,” but no, I am the person who has recognized the mental environment, and I want to identify my book as the pioneering book on the subject, even though the title may be sort of unrecognizable at first.

Human beings as social creatures are immersed in a sea of other people’s thoughts. This mental environment, like the air, is invisible, but like the air it has an effect on our lives, especially if it is polluted. By “mind pollution,” I just mean things we are persuaded to believe that are not accurate.

AdBusters publishes “Journal of the Mental Environment,” but they seem to be limited to the external influences of advertising and television. I am dealing with the whole thing, and especially those influences that are part of us and part of who we are, or who we think we are.

Tyler: Will you give us some examples of mind pollution that are not just advertising and television?

Bob: From early childhood our parents are telling us what is “right” and “wrong,” and how to “behave.” Most of this is fine, and necessary for us to survive. But they are also passing down their prejudices and other misunderstandings, like some kind of social disease.

Religion is another source of mind pollution. Most of it is fine, but some of it isn’t. I see little girls in white dresses being taught that Evolution is the work of the Devil.

Then there is the teenage gang, where one can be ridiculed for wearing the wrong kind of socks or having the wrong brand of music player. It isn’t the advertisers who are doing this to us, but the people we call our “friends.” We may call them “friends,” but are they, really, if they are trying to manipulate us in this way?

This peer-group pressure extends all the way to the highest levels of academia. I tell the story of the famous physicist who was afraid that if his esteemed colleagues found out that he was consulting a Jungian analyst, there would be “hellish laughter” (not because he needed therapy, but because of their prejudice against Jungian analysis). Prejudices like this affect our whole educational system.

As these influences become internalized, and become part of who we are, it is hard even to see that they are there. So it may be fun to point the finger at the external influences of advertising and political propaganda, but the influences with the real power are the ones that are already inside us. Why do Democrats believe Democratic propaganda and Republicans believe Republican propaganda? If we seriously want to change the world, it is those deeper influences that we need to change.

Tyler: Why do you feel we are conditioned to believe if we do not think like everyone else, we don’t belong?

Bob: This is one of the laws of sociology. There are books written on this stuff. If you belong to a group, any group, you have to conform, to some degree, to the norms of the group. Of course you can always think and believe anything you want, as long as you never say it. But it is always most comfortable to go along with the opinions, attitudes, and beliefs of the group, and those emotional pressures shape people into the thinking of the group.

Tyler: I have found it true myself that when I want to do something, even if a half-dozen people encourage me, it is that one person I think will mock me and whom I haven’t even told yet, that can prevent me from acting. How can one person’s negative attitude hold such control over someone else and how does a person break that hold?

Bob: I haven’t experienced exactly that same situation. Usually I stand up to the bully and get beaten down. My focus in the book is first of all to focus on the person doing the mocking as somebody basically destructive, and point out some of the methods of manipulation, mental bullying, smear tactics, put-downs, and so forth, so that people can recognize them when they see them.

Not everybody can defeat the bully in single-handed combat. It is up to the group to recognize these destructive people and take them down from their leadership position. If the group won’t do that, the answer is to find another group.

Tyler: How does one gain the confidence and mental strength to think for himself?

Bob: That’s a hard question. Some people do, and some people don’t. I was always a “loner,” and I was always attracted to friends who were independent or nonconformists. One friend in college announced one day, “I am a one-man in-group.” In other words, I don’t have to think of myself as an “outsider” just because I am different. I am “in,” and all the rest of you are outsiders. And, thanks to his example, I have been able to call myself “a new civilization with a population of one.”

Also Harvard gave me official permission to think for myself. That was a great influence, and a wonderful thing in my life, and something that not all colleges do.

Then in psychotherapy I discovered that my “real self” was somebody different than the things that society expected of me. There was strength in this “real self,” as opposed to the artificial self, the role I was playing to “fit in.” And there was pleasure in being the “real self.”

So I think it depends on your real self. If you find your real self and find that you are different, you have incredible strength and pleasure in being different. And if your real self wants to conform, then you find strength and pleasure in conforming.

Tyler: In talking about your “real self” and your friend’s reference to being a “one-man in-group” aren’t we largely talking about a person learning to like himself, to be his own best friend, because until you like yourself, you’re not going to be able to be confident and go against the crowd?

Bob: I don’t deal in these kinds of generalities. In this specific situation, my friend’s statement was very much admired and appreciated by our specific crowd. So he wasn’t really going “against the crowd.”

In my experience confidence and self-esteem all came together, as a result of gaining competence, first from my success as a computer programmer and my ability to support myself and become independent of my parents, and then through psychotherapy and dream analysis, bit by bit, detail by agonizing detail, as I gained psychological maturity and was able to function better as an adult, and especially in my relationships with women.

Tyler: Bob, in “The Mental Environment” you say our time and culture is heavily influenced by three major things-religion, academia, and the New Age Movement. Why did you focus on these three areas, and are you saying their influence is a block to our thinking for ourselves?

Bob: I feel these are the most important belief systems, or ways of thinking, in the present culture. I am just pointing out what I see as errors in these belief systems. And because people do conform to these belief systems, and don’t see the errors, then I would say their influence does block people from thinking for themselves.

Tyler: Let us tackle some of these sections individually. Academia for example. Isn’t a college education about learning to think for yourself?

Bob: Yes, but there is a particular prejudice in academia against anything spiritual. When I was at Harvard, people with strong religious beliefs were ridiculed unmercifully. The academic argument is that it is necessary for freedom of thought to break people free of rigid beliefs.

So then when I postulated scientifically, correctly, “I will believe in God when I see God,” and was actually brought into the presence of God thirteen years later, then what?

That’s when I realized that we didn’t have freedom of thought, but only freedom to think as they thought.

Tyler: But, what do you mean by you saw God? Aren’t you saying simply that people need to have faith, rather than simply rely on their senses and what can be proved, as science teaches?

Bob: You are reflecting the view of the present culture. To get from there to where I am really takes a lot of explaining. I have moved forward, and the culture has moved backward. I explain it all in the book.

But just for starters, we have other senses than the physical senses. And I don’t mean just psychic abilities. We all have ordinary senses by which we perceive our own mental processes-our thoughts, our memories, our feelings, our dreams. I call these the “mental senses.” The early psychologists used these senses in their research, and called them “introspection.” The discoveries of Freud and Jung were based largely on the evidence of these mental senses.

But psychology has moved backwards from there. Psychologists have followed the lead of John B. Watson, who proposed in 1913 that psychology should become the study of physical behavior observable with the physical senses. Thus psychologists abandoned the study of the mind, in order to be more “scientific”-second error. Science can be done using the mental senses, and was done in that way by Freud and Jung.

Politically, physical science has gained great status, and therefore power, because of its great success. Scientists can tell psychologists what is “science” because they have power, even though they are not at all qualified to do psychology. (Third error.) Because physical scientists have observed only physical phenomena with the physical senses, many of them have come to believe that there is a purely physical universe-fourth error. This is what “science teaches.”

But moving ahead from the discoveries of Freud and Jung, Carl Jung tells the story of a monk who looked upon the face of God. The experience was so powerful that it made this monk insane for 15 years. Jung calls this “original experience,” the first-hand experience of seeing God, based on evidence, not “faith.” Actually the Gnostics believed on the basis of evidence, until they were exterminated by the early Christian Church, which said that everybody had to believe on “faith.” (Fifth error.)

In 1969, I had my “death experience,” where I was brought into the presence of God. For a couple of years, since I had become a new civilization in 1967, I had felt that I was totally out of place in this world, and I was afraid that I might will myself to die. But there was one particular day, after spending a month organizing the material for my first book and seeing what an enormous job lay ahead of me, that I flopped down on the bed, utterly exhausted, being too exhausted to care whether I lived or died.

Immediately I lost consciousness. Immediately I shot up, up, up out of my basement apartment at a high rate of speed, in a tube just large enough to hold my body. After traveling a huge distance at this high speed, I suddenly emerged in the presence of a great Light. From reading Jung, I knew enough to shield my eyes from The Light. To the left of The Light, or at the right hand of God, stood the figure of Christ. He said simply, “Get back to work.” And back down I went, as fast as I had come up.

This is evidence. I experienced this with my mental senses. I proved it to myself. This experience has been replicated by people in Jungian analysis. This is scientific proof. If physical scientists don’t want to believe it, that’s their error (actually a compounding of errors).

Tyler: Since you do believe in God and spirituality, why do you have issue with the New Age Movement? Aren’t they trying to break away from the constrictions that organized religion has imposed for centuries?

Bob: The New Age Movement began with the Drug Revolution in the late sixties, and has preserved many of the same values and beliefs and ideas of the drug-induced state, sort of uncritically and by social conformity. LSD may have brought some people many levels above their normal mental state (and made some others crazy), but when they came back down from their trip, they were confused. Their insights were not fully understood or psychologically assimilated. They may have thought they were breaking free of old constraints, but really they had their own kind of social conformity that was just as rigid. I remember being ridiculed for having my hair cut and for wearing a dark suit to a wedding. They screamed “Fascist” at police, but they had their own kind of strict authoritarianism.

“LSD is a power trip,” I quote in my book. While they were saying “Peace,” they were doing warfare-mental warfare. They raised the art of mental warfare to a whole new level.

What is “mental warfare?” “A” hassles “B” and says to “B,” “You wouldn’t hassle me, would you?” That is mental warfare. Or the Flower Child says to the arresting Officer, “But we love you, Officer.” And when he is doing his job and arresting her, she then turns around and calls him “Pig!”

Out of the confusion of the drug experience came a rejection of logic, science, truth, reality, and psychotherapy, all of which I discuss at great length in the book. This has all been elevated and called “postmodernism,” as if it was an advance over the “modern,” but actually it is a trip all the way back to chaos.

Starting with Haight-Ashbury in 1967, the Drug Revolution, which became the Counterculture, which became the New Age became “the great hope for the future,” drowning out all other voices, like my own. It seems that the culture hasn’t really moved ahead since the Drug Movement-stuck with their same old ideas. I am trying to move it ahead.

Also-important-drugs opened people up to spirit entities, and to channeling, which is highly unreliable.

Tyler: What are you defining as New Age? Will you give us some examples?

Bob: The half-dozen books I bought around 1995 from the Institute of Noetic Sciences (IONS) I would define as New Age. They all reflected the same ideas-the rejection of logic, science, truth, reality, ego, and psychotherapy-the assertion that we are interconnected (and not contained within “a bag of skin”)-basically the same ideas that came out of the LSD experience. I don’t have to name the books. Order any books from IONS, and they will repeat the same assertions. They don’t have to define these things or support them with evidence, because anybody who has been on an LSD trip has experienced exactly what they are talking about.

Also channeled material from spirit guides I would define as “New Age.” There is a certain naivete in accepting this material uncritically.

The New Age has bypassed the mental in favor of the spiritual. They believe in meditation, which is turning off one’s mental faculties in order to experience the spiritual directly. I believe in psychotherapy-that one must apply the mind in order to grow spiritually. I believe that we are here on earth to learn lessons that the earth environment has to offer, and that I will have plenty of time between incarnations to meditate, unhampered by an earth-body and an earth-mind.

Tyler: Bob, I am still a bit confused by what you mean here. What you are saying about incarnations between physical lives sounds like a New Age thought to me. It isn’t orthodox Christianity at least where it’s believed we have one life and then rise from the dead. Are you saying influences like reincarnation from Eastern religions are acceptable?

Bob: I am only criticizing certain aspects of New Age thought, most particularly the LSD legacy. I believe in reincarnation and the Law of Karma because I have proved these things to myself. I am not telling anybody what is acceptable. I am only trying to share my knowledge here, for people to accept or reject.

Tyler: You mention “The Course in Miracles” in your book. It is one of the most popular aspects of the new movement toward spirituality. What issues do you have with it?

Bob: First of all, I am suspicious of anything that is channeled, because I don’t think the higher spiritual beings interfere with our lives in that way. It is only the lower entities, whose karma is so bad that they can never hope to advance, who interfere with our lives in that way, hoping to drag everybody else down with them. They are doing this sometimes in very subtle ways that people can’t recognize unless they are psychologically very advanced.

I approached “A Course in Miracles” at Lesson #1, somewhere in the middle of the book. It asked me to contemplate “Nothing has any meaning for me.” I thought about this for a couple of days and decided “This doesn’t have any meaning. They are just trying to destroy my mind.” Then I saw that the other lessons also contained basically destructive messages.

If you want to move towards spirituality, try Jungian analysis. This is the closest thing that I know of to how I achieved my own spiritual growth that led me to my “original experience” of God. Jungian analysis will cost you some money. Worse than that, it will require some courage to face your own shortcomings and humiliations and monsters. That’s why so many people avoid it and say, “There must be another way.” But real psychotherapy has put me in touch with my real self and real spirituality.

Tyler: Tell us more about Jungian analysis. Isn’t that scientific rather than spiritual? What is the fine line here, and how is facing your own monsters a spiritual experience?

Bob: If you go far enough in psychotherapy or analysis, your dreams will lead you to the spiritual. Carl Jung discovered that, and I discovered that in my own dream analysis. Jungian analysis is scientific if you can use dreams as evidence, but the physical scientists pooh-pooh all that and call Carl Jung a “mystic.” Some psychiatrists (like the ones I went to) just don’t believe in the spiritual. That’s why I recommend Jungian analysis.

Facing your own monsters is necessary for spiritual growth. Psychological growth is spiritual growth. The monsters represent fear and anger and emotional pain that have to be dealt with in order to advance spiritually. The New Age people dismiss these things as “negativity.” But if you deny these things, you are doomed to live with them, and hypocrisy.

Tyler: Was there any specific point in your life when you came to realize you were suffering from mind pollution? Did that inspire you to write this book?

Bob: There are two different questions here. In the beginning, when I first set out on my search for truth, I realized that I had to break out of a jungle of lies. Then, 30 years later, when I had broken free and written my first book, “Re-Educating Myself,” those same lies were used to reject it. That was what inspired me to write this book-to expose the lies.

Tyler: Will you tell us about your previous book “Re-Educating Myself”? Do you consider “The Mental Environment” in anyway a continuation of your first book?

Bob: “Re-Educating Myself” tells the story of how I turned my back on the culture, and set out to design a new civilization, and succeeded. “The Mental Environment” is coming from that new civilization. So I have to explain what that new civilization is, and what evidence it is based on, and so I spend about 50 pages going over the material that was in “Re-Educating Myself.”

Tyler: Bob, what makes the information in “The Mental Environment” stand out from other messages we hear, such as “simplify your life” or “turn off the TV” and “be yourself”?

Bob: First of all, I am presenting a whole new civilization. What is that civilization?

I believe in God, but not religion. I don’t believe on “faith,” but on the basis of evidence. I believe in reincarnation and the Law of Karma. I believe in love but not marriage. I accept dreams as evidence and as a source of spiritual truth. I believe in science but not scientism. I believe in evolution but not Evolution. I believe that psychotherapy is the way to a new civilization. All these things are explained in the book.

Then, from the perspective of that new civilization, I am able to point out some of the errors of the present culture. Also I am able to see that there is such a thing as a mental environment, with its mind pollution, whereas people who are immersed in the culture may not be able to see that. This is the first and only book on the subject of the mental environment.

The books you mention are all contained in the present culture, recombining the same ideas over and over again. I am breaking out and giving the reader some new ideas.

Tyler: Would you explain further how psychotherapy is the way to a new civilization?

Bob: Again, this question takes some explanation.

First of all, I think of a civilization not as buildings or cities or large numbers of people, but as a set of IDEAS that determine how those people live and what they build. “New civilization” was the best expression I could think of in 1955 to mean new values, new beliefs, new ideals, new goals, a new “standard of living,” a new way of thinking, and a new way of living. The “civilization,” to me, was what had been programmed into my head as a product of the American upper middle class. To design a new civilization, all I had to do was change that programming.

I read a lot of books and thought a lot of thoughts, but the methods that really worked for me were psychotherapy, withdrawal from the culture, and dream analysis.

In four years of psychotherapy, I learned, among many other things, that the real “Establishment” was something in my own head. I also opened up mental abilities I didn’t know I had-creativity, intuition, and will-that is, my own free will to be myself. And most important, I learned disciplines that enabled me to continue my psychological growth after I left the psychiatrist.

Freud theorized that it would be impossible to break free of one’s culture. To break away, it helps to move away. I experienced “withdrawal,” as defined by Toynbee, in the solitude of Cape Cod winters. Away from the constant chatter of cultural ideas, I was literally able to hear myself think, and began to come up with my own original ideas. They seemed weird at first, but then I began to discover that they made more sense than the things I had been taught.

Thoreau experienced withdrawal by the shores of Walden Pond. Isaac Newton withdrew to a family farm to escape the Plague in London. It was there that he observed the falling apple and formulated the Law of Gravity.

The winter of 1966-67 I devoted almost totally to analyzing my own dreams. I wouldn’t have been able to do this without the disciplines I learned in psychotherapy, and intuition.

The dreams picked up with my psychological growth where the psychiatrist had left off. The psychiatrist had taken me to where I was psychologically normal, but the dreams showed me that the normal person in America was psychologically only 10 years old-that is, using only their 10-year-old mental potential. I thought that if I could make it to the psychological age of puberty, or psychological age 14, my sex life would improve. And my sex life did improve. This should be motivation enough for anybody to want to make it to the psychological age of puberty, which is well beyond normal for the culture. I would estimate that 5% of the population reaches this level of development.

To reach this point, the dreams had to teach me what love was. The Beatles sang, “Love is all you need,” but what is love? Love is compassion, and not everybody has it. The dreams introduced the spiritual to me and taught me lessons of compassion and self-sacrifice.

At the psychological age of puberty, I experienced a transition point where “human nature” itself changes, where the child’s natural selfishness gives way to an equally natural desire to give and share and make sacrifices for others. If a majority of people were to reach this point, we would have a new civilization.

With LSD, people went way beyond this level. Sometimes they went through a whole psychoanalysis in one LSD trip. But then they came back down. With psychotherapy, the change is permanent.

And where are we now? The Hippies blocked the psychological approach to wellness with the slogan, “Psychiatrists are tools of the Establishment.” (Psychiatrists work for whoever pays them, like everybody else.) And the academic people have been busy bashing Freud and dismissing Jung as “a mystic.” That’s why it is important to talk about the lies as well as the truths.

There are many real problems with psychotherapy in its present state. Therapists only take people from subnormal to normal, not to a new civilization. Many of them don’t believe in the spiritual. Many of them are not psychologically developed themselves. The therapist needs to have reached at least the psychological age of puberty in order to guide others to this point. But at least psychotherapy, as a method, if done properly, will take people to this level where “human nature” itself changes profoundly.

Tyler: What should a person who wants to contribute to bringing about this new civilization do first (besides obviously reading “The Mental Environment”)?

Bob: Do psychotherapy first. Then read my book. You will understand it better.

If you have already been through psychotherapy and experienced what they call “therapeutic change,” tell the world about it (but not if you are in danger of losing your security clearance, or your job, or anything else that cultural prejudices can strip you of, like custody of your children). The therapists are bound to secrecy on this, but there should be a large number of satisfied customers, like myself, who wouldn’t mind speaking out. Or at least let me know (www.omdega.com/blog, [email protected]). I think we should all get together.

Tyler: Thank you, Bob, for all your information today. Before we go, will you tell us about your website and what additional information may be found there about “The Mental Environment”?

Bob: The website was put together hastily as I got into the business of being a publisher. But I have been putting stuff into the blog, like most reviews and Chapter 1. See omdega.com/blog. Also if anybody has any comments (or questions) on the book, I am hoping they will post them there, and maybe we can get some kind of a dialog going.

Tyler: Thank you, Bob. I appreciate your sharing your philosophy and providing us hope toward a better future. I wish you much success.

Tyler R. Tichelaar of Reader Views was glad to be joined by Bob Gebelein, to talk about his new book, “The Mental Environment,” Omdega Press (2007), ISBN 9780961461119.

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Motivation – The 3 Aspects of Human Behavior You Must Know to Succeed

Motivation can be defined in numerous ways, but there are two basic definitions or descriptions. It can be defined as the main reason or reasons that individuals partake in a certain behavior, specifically human behavior pursuant to the study of psychology or neuropsychology. It can also be defined as the driving force that initiates and drives an individual’s behavior. It is the internal energy that propels us to achieve our goals. Typically, it is considered to be a dynamic state of mind not concerned with personality.

There are three aspects of human behavior that motivation is based and founded in:

1. arousal of behavior

2. direction of behavior

3. persistence of behavior

Arousal of behavior relates to a specific thing that activates behavior whereas direction of behavior relates to what is responsible for directing the behavior. Persistence of behavior relates to how the behavior is sustained.

What drives an individual to be successful is referred to as motive. Usually, all motives fall into one of three categories and are considered to be physiological or psychological in nature:

1. homeostatic motives – hunger, respiration, thirst, etc.

2. nonhomeostatic motives – curiosity about the environment, seeking shelter, etc.

3. learned or social motives – achievement, approval, power, social affiliation, etc

In any endeavor that an individual undertakes, motivation (or the lack thereof) is the key element behind the success or failure of the endeavor. It plays a key role in the workplace where the effective performance of an employee is concerned. Management or supervisory personnel have a direct impact and play a significant role in employee motivation in that they employ different motivational techniques to raise productivity levels. It also follows that this has a direct effect on the cooperation levels between the employer and the employee.

Motivation can also be classified as

1. negative or positive

2. obvious or subtle

3. intangible or tangible

Education or learning is also interrelated with motivation and instructors will oftentimes employ motivational techniques to get their students to learn. It can benefit the student by making them more competent as well as encouraging confidence and the ability to solve problems.

Self-motivation has also been classified into two different types:

1. Extrinsic – generated by external factors

2. Intrinsic – generated by internal sensations and is longer-lasting than extrinsic

Self-motivation is considered to be intrinsic in nature, and originates from an individual’s internal drives. It is the basis for overcoming obstacles in the path of achieving one’s goals. Additionally, certain external factors are responsible for driving a person into undertaking a new project or to move in a positive direction. Characteristically, self-motivation is comprised of three factors:

1. beliefs

2. desires

3. values

Since an individual cannot rely on others for motivation, self-motivation has to come from within. It plays a key role wherein the individual gathers the courage and strength to achieve certain goals, and is essential for developing new undertakings or making a positive change in one’s lifestyle. Training programs have been proven to be the best way to educate oneself in order to improve motivation and self-motivation.

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Student Loans – 3 Reasons They Are Bad News for Your Child

Do you know the real price of student debt? While you are told that it is only the interest rate on your child’s student loans that you should be concerned about, the reality is that the loan interest rate is just the tip of an iceberg. Discover 3 facts that are not explained at the college financial aid counter.

Fact #1 – Students Deeply In Debt Postpone Major Life Events

While you are being encouraged to sign the loan paperwork by your advisor, what he may not tell you is that current research shows an alarming number of college grads are waiting longer to engage in major life events.

Students are so concerned about the overwhelming debt that it is causing them to forgo marriage, having children and buying a home. All of these rights of passage were supposed to be the benefit of a college education. We’ve all heard it, “get a good education” and you’ll get a great job and build a great life. The challenge is how a great life can be built when you are mentally, emotionally and financially covered in student loan debt.

Fact #2 – Students Deeply In Debt Make Poor Decisions

It is said that you should never go grocery shopping when you are hungry. The idea is that you are more likely going to buy more than you need because your hunger is driving you rather than your shopping list. This is also true in the college funding world.

Unfortunately, many students who take on student loans become okay with the idea of using debt to finance their lifestyles. This means many of the students who have student loans use those loans to not only pay for school but also to pay for Spring Break trips, dinners, cars. Their student loan funds that were originally sold to them as an investment in their future quickly become part of the wasteful consumer spending epidemic. There is nothing worse than paying for a dinner today that you ate 2 years ago.

Fact # 3 – Some Students Deeply In Debt Are Afraid to Face Life’s Challenges

When you ask a young up and coming college undergraduate what they plan to do after graduation you will be met by traditional responses however what you may not know is what is driving those responses. You would think that after all of the education, young people would be eager to leave the university and venture out into the workplace or an entrepreneurial venture of their own.

Instead what we find is that because many students are jaded about their job prospects, overwhelmed at how much they owe in loans and are unsure of what career path to take, may are deciding to stay in school to complete graduate studies. We would all agree that continuing your education is a great thing however this new way of graduate students is being born out of the undergraduate population who is unwilling to face the significant financial hole they have dug for themselves.

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Small Used Cars Are Hot

The demand for smaller used cars is extremely high which is not the norm. Most people go for the larger used vehicles that tend to be considered safer with lower auto insurance rates. However, this is not the case for the current market.

It is not too surprising to experts, though. They compare this increase in small, used car sales to the summer of 2008 when gas prices skyrocketed. Sounds familiar to summer 2018 right?

The consequences of this change in the market is that car companies are reducing their new, small car output. The low supply increases the demand for the little amount the of new, small vehicles that are available which means customers must bid higher to obtain the vehicle.

That is just how the market moves since used car sales are up by 2.2 percent, a 13 year high. That also means that the prices of small vehicles must increase, 3.9 percent in fact. It is simply the way to play the market.

There has also been an influx of off-lease cars flooding the market which as the other numbers prove, the off-lease cars are getting absorbed very easily. People seem to be looking to used cars for basic transportation. Another reason is that hurricane and flood victims from the previous storms are using their insurance money and it is all they can afford.

There are also some other money saving benefits of buying used cars, here are a few.


When buying new, your car can depreciate up to 50% within three years which means losing a lot of value. When you buy used, you do not have to worry about the cost of depreciation.

More Value of Your Money

Without having to worry about depreciation, it leaves more room in your budget for better equipment or even a better model than you would go for if you were buying new.


Only 350 different models are offered on the new car market per year, but there are so many more options on the used market which is good news if you cannot find your dream car on the new market. This means you do not have to settle nor pay more just to settle for a vehicle you are not entirely pleased with.

Lower Insurance

Your auto insurance is based off of the value of your car which is why it is less expensive with a less expensive car. With new vehicles, they are more expensive, thus insurance is more expensive, except then, you must deal with depreciation over the next three years, too no matter how well you keep your vehicle.

Cheaper Registration Fees

Depending on your location older vehicles typically cost less to register which is definitely a bonus.

If you are considering purchasing a used car, especially a small one, now is the time to do it!

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How to Block Needlepoint Canvas

Once you have stitched your needlepoint design you will need to know how to block the needlepoint canvas back into its original shape. It is not a difficult process but it may take two or three “blockings” to get it right. If only it were that easy for us humans – spray a bit of water on and we are twenty again!

If the design you have is a square, or other regular geometrical shape, then you can probably “eyeball” it back to shape. If however it is an ornament, a doorstop or some other irregular shape, then it is best to make a pattern on paper of the original design before you start stitching. You will use this pattern to guide the needlepoint canvas back to shape when you block it. Just trace the outline of the needlepoint design area onto some parchment paper.

Follow these instructions for how to block needlepoint:

  • Check the threads for color-fastness. Dampen a small area of colored thread with water and then blot it with a paper towel. If you have leftover thread then use this, not the stitched threads. If dye from the thread comes off onto the towel then the threads are not color-fast and you will have to dry-block your needlepoint by following the instructions below, but omitting all the parts about wetting the canvas. This is to prevent the dye from “running” into adjacent fibers.
  • Spray some clean water on the canvas design area to dampen it. I use a spray bottle to do this.
  • If you took a pattern of the design, tack this down onto some hardboard or cork board using thumb tacks or nail in tacks. The board will need to be large enough to accommodate the needlepoint design. Place the needlepoint canvas onto the paper you have laid on the board. If you do not have a paper tracing then you will be laying the needlepoint canvas directly onto the board, so make sure it is clean or cover it with a cloth.
  • You now need to match the outline of the canvas to the outline you traced on the paper, or “eyeball” it to the shape it was originally – usually this means turning a parallelogram back into a square or rectangle. This will involve some stretching.
  • Starting at one corner, hammer in tacks or small nails, or push in thumb tacks, all the way around the design, about 1 inch apart, stretching the canvas as you go to match it up with the drawn outline or original shape. Often you need to place the tacks closer than one inch apart in the corners. You will need to pull quite hard from multiple angles to get the canvas to adjust its shape.
  • Leave it to dry.
  • Repeat this process two or three times if necessary until the canvas is blocked back to its original shape.

Another important tip is to spray the finished and blocked canvas with a fabric protector. This will help to prevent soiling of the canvas and will keep your handiwork looking nice. There is little point in learning how to block needlepoint if someone spills something on your finished pillow and ruins it. Fabric protector is invisible and will place a moisture shield over the fibers.

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The Sports and Hobbies of Mozambique

Mozambicans are quite passionate about their sports; with a firm focus on soccer and to a lesser extent other sports. There are lots of opportunities for hobbies and recreational activities, but as these can be quite costly at times you will find most Mozambican’s aren’t able to partake. As with most other facets of this beautiful country, the lack infrastructure combined with the poverty levels have had a profound effect on the development of sports and hobbies through the entire land.

As a result of this, many of the most popular sports are those that don’t require much money to play.


Soccer, sometimes known as football due to the Portuguese influence, is hugely popular in Mozambique as in other African nations. You will often come across both children and adults having an informal game whenever possible, especially on weekends. The structure for proper club soccer is not as good as in other countries due to infrastructure challenges, but there are still some professional clubs about. There is a lot of exchange between Portugal and Mozambique in soccer terms, with players and teams from each country regularly playing with and against each other.


Athletics is a sport that is not a widely practiced as it should be, given the relative ease of getting involved. Mozambican does at times punch above its weight in this field of sport, having won a gold medal in the 2000 Sydney Olympics proving that they can compete at the highest level.


Unlike most other southern African nations, Basketball is a very popular sport in Mozambique. While being internationally recognized since 1978, the Mozambican national team has yet to win any notable championships. This of course hasn’t dampened the enthusiasm for the sport and it is still quite widespread.


The martial art sport of Capoeira is starting to take off in Mozambique, with the popularity growing at a rapid pace.


Stadiums and sporting facilities in Mozambique are in short supply, with some world class facilities recently being constructed with foreign investment. The outlying areas tend to have little to no facilities, while the soccer clubs seem to attract all the investment. The newest and best stadium is the Estadio do Zimpeto which was opened in 2011 and is able to seat up to 42,000 people. While being touted as a multi-use stadium, it is almost exclusively used for soccer matches.


The types of hobbies available in Mozambique are generally all of the physical, outdoor variety. The more popular hobbies include:

  • Fishing: With a substantial coast line, Mozambique is well known for fishing. This takes the form of both subsistence and recreational fishing. The country is well known for game fishing and is largely unspoiled, making it a firm favorite with both local and international visitors.
  • Watersports: Any sort of sport involving the water, whether it is sailing, diving or even just swimming, is quite popular due to the warm weather and water.
  • Sand boarding: Being quite an easy sport to learn and not always needing lots of equipment, sand boarding is a relatively new hobby that is starting to become quite popular.

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Easy Vegan Snack Idea’s – Healthy and Easy-To-Prepare Vegan Snack Foods and Recipes

Its mid-morning and you’re feeling a little peckish – what will you eat? You feel a bit deprived because you are on the vegan diet, and you can’t think of any tasty and quick snack ideas. Or perhaps you’ve just come home from work and are craving a yummy treat, but you are tired. You therefore want your vegan snack to be easy, hassle-free, and not one of the most complicated time-consuming recipes on the planet! Even better – preferably just something that you can throw together in under 5 or 10 minutes. Below is a list of some tasty, fast and easy vegan snacks recipes and food ideas to help make your life a little easier.


It’s a tasty, rather low-calorie snack that can be ready to eat in under 10 minutes. It’s perfect if you’re craving something a little salty. Place 2 Tbsp olive oil and ¼ Cup popcorn in a large saucepan. Cover with a lid, and cook the popcorn over a medium flame, ensuring that you are shaking constantly. Just when you think that it’s not working, keep on enduring for another minute or two, and the popping will begin. When the popping stops, take off from the heat and place in a large bowl. Add plenty of salt to taste, and if desired, dribble in ¼ Cup to ½ Cup of melted coconut oil. If you are craving sweet popcorn, add some maple syrup to the coconut oil, about ½ Cup, or to taste.

5 Minutes Or Less Vegan Snacks

Here’s a list of basically ‘no-preparation required’ vegan snack ideas that you can munch on anytime:

· Trail mix: nuts, dried fruit and vegan chocolate pieces.

· Fruit pieces with almond butter, peanut butter or vegan chocolate spread

· Frozen vegan cake, muffin, brownie or slice that you made on the weekend

· Vegetable sticks (carrots, celery, and cucumber etc.) with a Vegan Dip (homemade or store-bought) such as hummus or beetroot dip. (Careful of the store-bought ingredients though).

· Smoothie – throw into the blender anything you can find (within limits!) such as soy milk, coconut milk, rice milk, almond milk, soy yogurt, coconut-milk yogurt, cinnamon, spices, sea salt, berries, bananas, cacao powder, vegan chocolate, agave nectar, maple syrup, chia seeds, flax seeds, nuts, raisins, sultanas… What you put into your smoothie is up to you, and you can throw it all together in less than 5 minutes!

· Crackers with avocado, soy butter and tomato slices, or hummus spread.

· Packet chips (don’t eat them too often). There are many vegan chip companies that make kale chips, corn chips, potato chips and vegetable chips, so enjoy a small bowl now and again.

Fresh Fruit

The health benefits of eating fresh fruit daily should not be minimized. So make sure that you enjoy some in-season fruit as one of your daily vegan snacks. Chop your favorite fruit and make a fast and easy fruit salad, adding some squeezed orange juice to make a nice juicy dressing. Serve with some soy or coconut milk yogurt or vegan ice-cream if desired, and top with some tasty walnuts or toasted slithered almonds to make it a sustaining snack.

Vegan Cake

If you are tired or very busy during the week, I recommend you set aside a few hours on the weekends to do your baking. Bake one or two yummy vegan snack recipes to last you the week, and freeze them in portions. Find some easy (or gourmet if you wish) vegan cake recipes, muffin recipes, brownie recipes or slice recipes that look delicious, and that you know will satisfy your snack cravings during the week. You should look online or purchase some vegan recipe e-books to find some beautiful vegan baking recipes that will keep you happy every time your snack time arrives! Who doesn’t look forward to their piece of cake now and again? And remember, if the ingredients that you put in are healthy, you can enjoy your vegan cake or muffins on a more regular basis – without having to feel guilty!

Vegan Health Slice

Once again, if you bake it on the weekends, you will not have to prepare your morning and afternoon tea during the week. There are so many delicious recipes nowadays for vegan health slices. There’s apple-crumble slice, oat and nut slice, dried-fruit slice, blueberry slice, chocolate-brownie slice, and so many more delicious recipes! Why not bake a different vegan slice every weekend? This will keep your vegan snacks from becoming boring.

As you can see, your vegan snacks can be very quick and easy to prepare. And it’s always a very good habit to get into to do your vegan baking on the weekend so that your mid-week snacks can be hassle-free!

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The 101 on Architects and What They Do As Explained by an Architecture Firm in Chennai

Few genuinely understand who an architect is and what their responsibilities are. To this end, an architecture firm in Chennai answers some of the commonly asked questions.

What is architecture?

An art and a science, architecture is the field that designs buildings and places where individuals can work, live, play, and eat.

Who is an architect?

A person trained to plan and design spaces that can be occupied by people is an architect. They are also licensed to create functional areas. Generally, their work encompasses everything, i.e., creating the concept of the building to constructing the design into reality. The principal role of an architect is to bring to life the vision or dream of a client while ensuring the requirements of those who will occupy the space.

On what projects can an architect work?

An architect can design and build anything, including:

  1. A small room addition to a home
  2. A massive hospital
  3. A college campus
  4. A residential complex
  5. A commercial building

Do architects have construction knowledge?

One of the obligations of an architect is to keep the well-being and safety of occupants a priority which means a rudimentary knowledge of construction is vital. Because an architect participates in all phases of building, i.e., from conception to opening, they require practical information on construction. Though it should be noted that architects are not meant to be experts on building, it is why complex projects necessitate collaborations between architects and engineers.

A quick method to finding out if a person is an architect or not is to find out if they have construction knowledge – those who don’t are most often designers and artists.

What are the roles of an architect?

As stated above, the job of an architect is all-encompassing. They play a crucial role in each period of the project’s construction. From the time pen is put to paper to draw the building till the time the ribbon is cut, architects oversee the project. Sometimes, even after completion architects continue to work on the project. This is usually to develop the area surrounding the building or to keep it in good repair.

The key responsibilities of an architect can be divided into three legs:

  • Design:

This phase initiates when a client hires an architect to create drawings of an idea they have and want to turn into reality. Designing requires:

  1. Creativity on the part of the architect
  2. Immense technical knowledge
  3. Responsibility to achieve both

While designing, the architect has to keep in mind:

  1. Compliance with building regulations and safety rules
  2. Local planning and construction restrictions
  3. Laws connected to preserving historical buildings or local environment

Continuous meetings with the client occur during this stage and the architect calls on board engineers, designers and financiers for further planning.

  • Documentation

There are three subdivisions of this stage:

  1. Capture the design of the building on paper
  2. Create detailed drawings of the project that showcase every inch of the building
  3. Test the feasibility and practicality of the model utilising software such as CAD

This step of the job requires constant revisions and redrawing because:

  1. The client might ask for changes
  2. The first design is beyond the budget
  3. Regulations require tweaks to the design
  4. The proposal shows practical problems

After the design documentations have been finalised, a second set is created. These are known as construction documents and are used by builders and contractors during the construction. Construction documents include:

  1. Instructions to workers
  2. Technical specifications
  • Construction

This leg of the project is the actual building part. The role of the architect, at this point, entails:

  1. Site visits to oversee the construction
  2. Signing off tasks and works
  3. Negotiating with contractors for best deals
  4. Finding a solution to any issues that come up

Differentiating between civil engineer, architectural engineer and an architect

  • A Civil Engineer & Architect

A civil engineer is also included in the planning and designing of a building, but their work is to concentrate on majorly:

  1. Ensuring that the structure is safe for people
  2. Guarantee that the building can weather extreme conditions
  3. Make certain that it can endure every-day wear and tear

In comparison, the architect focuses on:

  1. The aesthetics of the structural work
  2. How the building looks
  3. How it feels
  4. How it functions.

Once the architect has produced the structure of the building, it is the job of the civil engineer to analyse the integrity of it. If there are issues, the civil engineer advised on modifications that make the design more plausible and practical.

  • An Architectural Designer & Architect

An architect has to pass a registration exam to be licensed to work. It is similar to a bar exam that lawyers need to clear. An architectural designer doesn’t need to pass the same registration test. Therefore, an architectural designer is not licensed and deals with just the design end and not the construction side of the project.

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